Wednesday, September 1, 2010


 That afternoon in July 2006 in Batutulis, Bogor, radiant hot sun makes Ruslan Roy had to take shelter. He remains alert to see busy workers who sort the 100 eels into a Styrofoam box. That is just 3.5 tons of demand for Hong Kong that reaches 60 ton / day, Ruslan said Roy.Alumnus Universitras Padjadjaran was distraught to meet demand from eel exporter. During the time he was only relying on the supply of eels from the wild is limited. Ever can not meet demand, he said. Therefore he also pioneered the cultivation of eels with 40 kg of seed sowing in July 1989.
Roy-Roy Ruslan familiar call-estimate the week after Independence Day to all the RI-61 Monopterus albus cultivated on an area of 25 m2 pool was ready to harvest. The requested size for eel consumption exporters around 400 g / fish. When the time came, exporters in Tangerang that far-distant days menginden will accommodate the entire crop.

To pursue the size of consumption, farmers in South Jakarta gave high protein natural food such as earthworms, pieces of fish, and golden snail. Feed it chopped and given as much as 5% of body weight / day.
Assuming a mortality rate of 50-10% until the age of nine months, Roy calculates 4-5 months after sowing seeds, he would harvest 400 kg of eels. With Rp40.000/kg prices, total revenue diraup USD 16 million. After deducting the costs of approximately USD 2 million, net profit of USD 14 million.

Advantage because it will be increasingly inflated at the same time Roy made 75 ponds in Rancamaya, Bogor, each measuring approximately 25 m2 berkedalaman 1 m. Kastini husband deserved it dare let her work as a financial consultant in Central Jakarta.

Expand acreage

Nun in Bandung, Jl RM Sundoro Son Son, first enjoy the benefits of enlargement of eels. That was after he and his friends successfully supplying to several countries. Call it Hong Kong, Taiwan, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, and Thailand. According to the Son Son unlimited international eel market. Therefore, in order to maintain continuity of supply, he and exporters to make agreements on paper stamped. This means that importers get assurance of supply.

Since 1998, graduated in Industrial Engineering and Management Institute of Technology, Indonesia, were routinely paid the 3 tons / day to exporters. It met from 30 ponds measuring 5 mx 5 m in Majalengka, Ciwidey, Rancaekek, and 200 plasma pools built in West Java. He set prices to the exporters of eels 4-5 U.S. $, equivalent to Rp 40,000-Rp 60.000/kg content of 10-15 rats. While prices in the plasma level of Rp 20,000.Source: Ruslan Drs Roy, MM, R. Ir M. Son Son Sundoro,, and has been compiled from various sources.

Effective as of July 2006, the total supply increased drastically to 50 tons per day. It was obtained after he had opened 39 years working with farmers in and outside Java. Beginning in 2006 he opened an area of 168 m2 swimming enlargement in Payakumbuh, West Sumatra.

 Elsewhere, fans traveling it also opened 110 floating net each area of 21 m2 in Cirata, Bandung regency. Total of one million seedlings gradually eels stocked in net cages for a continuous harvest took place every week. With the volume of that size, a father of three daughters was estimated profit of U.S. $ 2,500 or Rp 20.5 million per day.

 In Majalengka, West Java, Muhammad Ara Giwangkara also reap profit from the enlargement of eels. Bachelor of philosophy from IAIN Sunan Gunungjati, Bandung, it was the end of December 2005 to buy 400 kg of seeds from a plasma in Bandung worth USD 11.5 million. The seeds were then maintained at 10 sectional asbestos-pool-size 5 mx 5 m. Four months ago, the consumption of eel size, 35-40 cm, can be harvested.

With the percentage of deaths from seed until ready to harvest 4%, Ara could sell about 3000 kg of eels. Since the partnership, he got a sale price Rp12.500/kg. After deducting the cost of maintenance and operations amounted to USD 9 million and the purchase of new seeds for USD 11.5 million, Rp17 million grew Ara savings. For Ara results that are truly extraordinary, because the income of Rp 3 million-USD 4 million per month, he was able to exceed the salary of civil servants group IV.

Seeds skyrocket
 Business Gurihnya eel breeders felt not only magnifying. Pendeder breeders that produce three-month-old seedlings also splattered sustenance. That's the open probability of obtaining a profit is relatively short. Especially now that prices soared more seeds. When first USD 10.000/kg, now an average of USD 27.500/kg, depending on quality, said Hj Komalasari, seed providers in Sukabumi, West Java. He sells at least 400-500 kg of seeds / month since the beginning of 1985 until now.

Pendeder need not be afraid to find a market. They can choose how to partner or nonmitra. Benefits pendeder partnership: having a definite assurance from the collector market. Which nonmitra, besides free to sell at retail, can deposit into a container with a selling price 20-30% lower than partnering. Anyway, all fixed reap a profit.

Successful Son Son, Ruslan, Ara, and produces and markets Komalasari eels now bak earth and sky than eight years ago. Who can guarantee that if the eel boom easy sell, said Eka Budianta, agribusiness analysts in Jakarta. According to Eka, is now increasingly sought fresh eel, and even more inflated price if it went into the restaurant. For the price of one serving of fresh eel and unagi-dish-in a fairly prestigious Japanese restaurant in South Jakarta at Rp 250,000. Moreover, if purchased in Tokyo, Osaka, Japan as well as in restaurants in major cities of the world.

Thus, many of which might be sniffing the eel business opportunities that the market is now wide open. Understandably supply of seeds and eel-size-consumption is very minimal, while the demand is booming. (Hermansyah / Covering: Lani Marliani)

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